The palm fringed and tranquil backwaters of Kerala are the major tourist attractions of Kerala. Backwater are the major regions lying close to the sea and are primarily the interconnected waterways comprising of rivers, lakes, lagoons, inlets and deltas. These mainly receive waters from sea and also monsoon contributes to its water level.
Kerala's backwater destinations are basically inland lakes connected by a network of cannals. Stretching almost 1900km, there are around 41 rivers which were earlier used for all transportation needs. Now, these waterways are used to communicate the remote villages and island. These backwater routes are communicable by traditional houseboats(Kettuvallom), which provide an exciting journey throughout Kerala. The backwaters are also ideals places to watch a rich variety of aquatic life and bird species.
The houseboats which are the major means of transportation on the backwaters of Kerala are locally known as Kettuvalloms. A boat cruise on these traditional houseboats will be an exciting way to explore the natural beauty and culture of Kerala. These houseboats are made of bamboo and coconut wood and have fully furnished single and double rooms with all basic facilities.
Major Backwaters Destinations in Kerala :
Some of the popular backwater destinations of Kerala include Alappuzha, Kochi, Kollam, Kozhikode and Kumarakom.
Alappuzha - Also known as the “Venice of the East”, Alappuzha or Alleppey is one of the most famous backwaters destinations of Kerala. Surrounded by several beautiful waterways, Alappuzha is popular for the Nehru Snake Boat Races held on the Punnamada Lake.
Kochi - The port city Kochi is also known as the “Queen of the Arabian Sea” and attracts numerous tourists for its backwater cruises. Kochi consists of a cluster of islands that are connected by ferry and offers exotic backwater cruises. It is considered as the starting point for backwater cruises to Kerala.
Kollam - This ancient seaport on the banks of the Ashtamudi Lake offers backwater cruises to Allapuzha and other destinations. The backwater around Kolam provides delightful boat rides, with enchanting natural beauty.
Kumarakom - Situated in the picturesque Vevananda Lake, it is one of the most visited backwaters destinations in Kerala. Its beautiful islands resorts, green forest, bird sanctuary make it one of the major tourist places in Kerala.
Kozhikode - Earlier known as Calicut, Kozhikode is an important backwater spot in the North Kerala. Houseboats cruises are unique way to experience the natural beauty of Kerala. Its picturesque countryside, lush green forest, historic monuments and wildlife sanctuary make it a popular destinations of Kerala.